Research Article

Prevalence of Hypertension in patients with chronic Coronary Artery Disease in Cyprus

Vasiliki Christou, Fedra Zoi Karataraki, Omar Eid, Rasha Eid and Joseph A Moutiris*

Published: 06 December, 2022 | Volume 6 - Issue 1 | Pages: 015-019

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease and a major cause of mortality worldwide. This study highlights the significance of hypertension as a risk factor in patients with CAD and compares its prevalence to those of EUROASPIRE IV (EUS-IV), ESC Atlas of Cardiology (Atlas) and Cyprus Survey of Coronary Heart Disease of 2006 (CY-2006). 
A retrospective, observational study was conducted, by the Registry of Cyprus Heart Survey, where 375 individuals with chronic CAD were examined in Nicosia General Hospital Cardiology Clinics, between the years 2011 and 2014. Their medical history regarding hypertension was noted and the data was analyzed using Microsoft Excel software. 
The total prevalence of hypertension, based on the past medical history of the patients was 59%.
Out of these, 52% were found to have elevated blood pressure on their visit to the Cardiology Clinic. The total mean systolic blood pressure amongst the study group was 136 mmHg, with no significant differences between males and females (136 mmHg and 134 mmHg respectively).
The findings of the present study are the same compared to those of the CY-2006 (52% both), but slightly higher than the findings of EUS-IV (52% vs. 42.7%) and significantly higher than those recorded in the Atlas (52% vs. 24.8%). 
The results show that there is still much potential to improve hypertension management in patients with established CAD.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.ach.1001031 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF


Coronary artery disease; Hypertension; Cardiology; Prevalence; Secondary prevention; Cyprus


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